How Solar Panels Work

Solar Panels

Strings of photovoltaic (PV) cells are encased in a rigid frame and connected together to make up a solar panel. These panels convert sunlight into direct current (DC) power.

Typically, panels are installed on a rooftop to maximize their exposure to the sun. Multiple panels are required to meet the electricity requirements of an average household.

Rooftop Racking

Racking for home solar power installation is placed just above the existing roof. Racking connects through small penetrations into footings, which are mounted directly into the roofing truss, which is the strongest part of the roof structure.


The direct current (DC) power that is created by the solar panels is sent to an inverter, which converts the power to alternating current (AC) electricity, which is the type of power that is used in the home.

Most companies use a single inverter for the entire array of solar panels, giving the solar array a single point of failure. In our design, each panel has its own micro-inverter. This allows each panel to turn on independently of the rest of the solar array of panels. Since it takes less energy to turn on a single panel compared to single inverter system, our systems startup earlier in the morning and shut down later in the afternoon. Giving your solar panels a longer production day.

Electrical Panel

AC power travels from the inverter to the electrical panel, often called a breaker box. This power is now ready to use in your home.

Utility Meter

The utility meter is an existing part of your electrical system and serves to monitor your electricity usage. Once your solar power home system is connected, your utility meter will now serve a dual purpose: it will also track the amount of electricity that you generate in excess of your usage (this is called net-metering).

The utility meter continually measures your electrical supply; when your solar power system produces more power than you need, the meter literally spins backward, accumulating credits with the utility company that will offset your next bill.

Utility Grid

Your home remains connected to the utility grid to supply you with electricity when you need more power than your solar power system has produced, such as at night.

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What Clients Say

We had several solar companies give us a proposal for solar on our home but none of them were as informative as Jon! We felt so comfortable with him and his professionalism there was no question who to go with.

- Robert and Julie Harrison

Ron was helpful every step of the way. We were skeptical at first but he made us feel comfortable with his soft spoken way! We are not only excited about saving money with our new system (we got a new furnace and ductwork to go with our solar panels) but we made a friend.

- Greg and Sheri Goodman

Wife and I were really taken by surprise when we saw how much we would save on our electric bill by going solar. The whole house fan was a great addition to the system!

- Mike and Susan McClintock

At Enver, it’s our mission to meet and exceed your expectations. That’s the Enver Promise!